How To Become A Phlebotomist

Phlebotomy is an esteemed and profitable field to select as your career. A phlebotomist is one who is expert in drawing blood from the veins of patients for different purposes like donation, blood test, etc. his most time is spent is drawing blood and dealing with lab duties.

Nowadays, the demand of phlebotomy specialist is on increase. Apart from it, they are earning handsome salaries in USA by working in clean labs without much stress. People find the qualification for this profession easy to complete for the less time duration when contrasting with that for other fields. So, it is profitable by all means to become a phlebotomist.

If you have also selected phlebotomy as your career plan, you have done a good job. The next you must understand the pros and cons to becoming a phlebotomist. First of all, you have to complete the initial degree plan after entering this field.

This program will not cut a great time period from your life, but only one year even less than one year is enough for qualifying to training period, which is the second stage. There are two kinds of qualification for training period, one qualification needs one or less than one year, while the other full two years. You can pick up any of them for your career.

After you complete this initial study and pass the exam, you will have to join some hospital, private community clinic, nursing department, doctor’s office or any place like this for completing your training period. Here, you will learn to practically apply your skills as phlebotomist. You will learn to work as a professional phlebotomist and deal with different kinds of patients.

You will know how to answer them if they are confused about that frightening job from your hands. This is mostly the most convenient part of qualification for a phlebotomist because the students start loving health care profession when they become a part of it.

After this stage, the last step to become a phlebotomist is certification. Once you complete the two above given stages, you must have a certification for professional beginning of the profession. But bear in mind that new technologies and innovations in the field must pass through your eyes. If you don’t keep your professional life upgraded, you will not get true success in the profession. So be alive to the modern techniques and tools in the field forever.

A Step By Step Guide To Become A Phlebotomist

Initially, there is a need to define the phlebotomy technicians. They are the people who take the blood samples from the patients. They can work in the state hospitals, federal hospitals, labs or privately.

This is a career for a beginning level in medical which is sometimes thought of as a stage towards more complicated jobs such as registered nurse, nurse assistant and also a medical doctor. It permits you to comprehend if working with the patient is what you want to carry in your future. But, there are a number of phlebotomists who cannot think of a better choice hence it is up to them. Now this article will describe how to become a phlebotomist.

The first steps for become a phlebotomist include the preparation and education. Although the schools who provide the programs for phlebotomy do not need excellent achievements, it is still suggested that one should be careful about the grades in high school as the high school diploma is equal to GED for instance.

A Step By Step Guide To Become A Phlebotomist

Moreover, for the purpose of applying in the certified phlebotomy training program, one has to have an age of 18 years. With respect to the subjects, they are usually biology and chemistry. Achieving high grades in these subjects shall provide you with the benefit over other students while you are applying for the phlebotomy classes.

The second step involves the phlebotomy training. When you have reached the decision regarding this field as a good option for your future ,it is then you should find out about the nearby school for this. Such programs are not for long term, for less than a year that will permit you to learn the simple skills you require to use like the drawing up of blood in various ways, utilizing a number of equipments and methods, lab and safety questions shall also be included in this. In addition to this, you need to have a lot of practice in the labs and hospital settings.

The next step is of certification. When you are done with the training program, you might wish to be certified in it too. Although it is not necessarily needed to begin the practice, but some need it before beginning to work. Moreover, high advanced certification will permit you to widen the range of function you do regularly and hence will raise your salary.

Cushing’s syndrome, Causes and Pathophysiology

Known also as hypercortisolism, the Cushing’s syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms caused by long term exposure to high levels of cortisol.

The Cushing’s syndrome can be caused by diseases that will cause excess cortisol production, CRH levels or ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). Taking glucocorticoid drugs could also cause the Cushing’s syndrome.

The Cushing’s syndrome should not be confused with Cushing’s disease or Cushing’s triad which are completely different things. But the Cushing’s disease can cause the Cushing’s syndrome. Cushing’s disease is caused by excess growth or a tumor of the pituitary gland.

Cushing's syndrome 1

In the case of Cushing’s disease, the pituitary gland releases too much ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) which then causes the Cushing’s disease. It is one of the most common causes of Cushing’s syndrome.

Rapid weight gain and central obesity are the most common symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome. Common symptoms might also include buffalo hump, moon face and fat pads along the collarbone.

Other symptoms might include hirsutism, mucous membranes, excess sweating, thinning of the skin, purple or red striae, and dilation of capillaries. The excess cortisol might also cause impotence in men, insomnia, reduced libido, insomnia, infertility in women and inhibited aromatase. Depression, attention and memory dysfunctions are cognitive conditions often associated with Cushing’s syndrome. Diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis and hypertension are also symptoms of Cushing’s syndrome.

There two types of causes for the Cushing’s syndrome, exogenous and endogenous. The most common exogenous cause is the administration of glucocorticoids. As for the endogenous Cushing’s syndrome, 70% of the cases are caused by Cushing’s disease.

So, how does it work? Well. It’s pretty simple. The pituitary gland sits just below the hypothalamus in the brain. The CRH (corticotropin-releasing hormone) is released by the PVN (paraventricular nucleus) of the hypothalamus. The CRH stimulates the pituitary gland to release ACTH (adrenocorticotropin). Then the ACTH travels through the blood to the adrenal gland to stimulate the release of cortisol. Abnormally high levels of cortisol might cause a negative feedback on the pituitary gland which might lead to a decreased amount of ACTH from the pituitary gland.

When doctors suspect Cushing’s syndrome either a 24 hour urinary measurement of cortisol is performed or a dexamethasone suppression test. When any of the tests are positive MRI of the pituitary gland and CT scanning of the adrenal gland are performed to detect any adenomas or incidentalomas in the pituitary or adrenal gland. Many times the tumors causing the Cushing’s syndrome are very small, less than 2mm and difficult to detect.

Most cases of Cushing’s syndrome are iatrogenic (due to corticosteroid medications) used to treat arthritis, asthma or other inflammatory condition. In those cases the treatment stopping or tapering off the medication that causes the symptoms.

Surgical removal is performed when adrenal or pituitary adenoma is detected. Steroid replacement postoperatively is necessary in most patients until the tissue recovers. If the patient are unwilling or unsuitable for surgery several drugs can be used to inhibit the cortisol synthesis but the effectiveness is limited.

As the decision of the patient is important to ask for the help of a doctor for a better understanding of the disease that could help the patient make the best decision.

Cushing’s Syndrome Simple View